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Atheis in Nottinghamshire

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Introduction

This page is devoted to the ATHEIS ancestors of my wife's father - the origins of the name, who they were and where and when they lived.

The genealogical data in these pages is accurate to the best of my current (at the time of writing) knowledge. This means it is of very variable reliability, since sources at one extreme are 100% certain (e.g. I know who I married, where and when, and the identity of my parents) to the mere rumour level, such as LDS data extracted from the IGI and Ancestral File, and reminiscences of elderly relatives, some now deceased. Anyone wishing to make any use whatever of this information is therefore strongly advised to contact me for source details.

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Origins of the name

The surname Atheis, according to Hanks & Hodges "Dictionary of Surnames", is a variant of one source of the surname Hayes, meaning son of Hay, but related to only one source of that name. The relevant origin of Hay is from the mediæval given name Hay, sometimes coming from the Old English name Heah, meaning "Tall", and sometimes from a shortened form of compound names containing the leading element heah, meaning "high".

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Variants of the name

Acording to the book quoted above, other variants of the same form of the name Hayes are Hays, Heyes, Heys, Hayesman, Heaseman, Heasman and Easman. I have found as variants of Atheis the spellings Atheist, Ather, Athers, Athes, Athess, Athest, Athews, Athies, Athis and Atkis all in the same family and sometimes the same people in different records.

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Eliza Elizabeth Atheis

My father-in-law's paternal grandmother was born in Newark, Nottinghamshire about 1832, and was christened on 13th November that year at Newark Parish Church. At the time of the 1841 census, then aged 8, she was living with her maternal grandparents in Tenter Buildings, Appleton Gate, Newark.

The 1851 census shows her living with her future in-laws in St. Marks Lane, Newark, but described as being the niece of her future father-in-law. We have recently discovered that she was in fact his great-niece. It also says she was then a laundress. However, her marriage certificate less than a year later again shows her address as Tenter Buildings, and describes her as a servant, so perhaps at the census date she just happened to be staying overnight as a visitor.

On 22nd March 1852 she married William Hutchinson Shaw at the Independent Chapel, Lombard Street, Newark. They produced at least seven children, Henry born 1856, Frederic born 1859, Jane Griffiths (known as Jenny) born 22nd April 1861, Sarah A. (known as Sally) born 1863, Thomas born 1866, Francis (known variously as Dick or Frank) born 1869 and Elizabeth (known as Lizzie) born 1873.

Jane's birth certificate shows the family were living in Victoria Place (off Lombard Street), Newark in 1861, which is confirmed in the 1861 census taken a few days before her birth. The 1871 census shows they were then at 9 Egglestons Yard, Newark.

The 1881 and 1891 censuses both show her at 9 Farndon Row, Newark, where she died on 30th November 1902. The death certificate shows the cause of death as "Cerebral Haemorrhage, Acute Bronchitis, Exhaustion".

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William Atheis

Eliza Elizabeth Atheis' father was William Atheis. The 1851 census says he was then aged 41, indicating he was born about 1809 or 1810. Since a William Nowell Atheis was christened at Radcliffe-on-Trent on 31st July 1809, given the rarity of the name in the area, this was probably him.

On 11th September 1832 he married Ann Marsh at Newark Parish Church.

His occupation is described on his daughter's marriage certificate as "carter".

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William Atheis

Eliza Elizabeth Atheis' grandfather was also William Atheis. He was christened at Radcliffe-on-Trent on 2nd May 1779, probably while still an infant because this date agrees with his age at death as shown on his death certificate.

On 6th January 1798 he married Elizabeth Smith at Newark Parish Church. The couple had a son George christened at Newark on 1st March 1800, but the child's burial is recorded on 12th March.

On his death certificate William is described as a "waterman". This explains why he lived at Constantinople Yard, which was very close to Newark Wharf. The Trent carried a great volume of goods at that time.

He died on 6th April 1839 at Constantinople Yard (at the junction of Millgate and Pelham Street), Newark. The cause of death is stated to be "spitting of blood".

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William Atheis

The father of the above William Atheis was another of the same name. He married Elizabeth Duke at Radcliffe-on-Trent on 26th July 1778.

The couple produced at least two other children as well as the above William. George was christened at Radcliffe-on-Trent on 3rd July 1783, and Elizabeth on 10th February 1786.

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George Atheis

George Atheis was the second son of the oldest of the William Atheis above. He was christened at Radcliffe-on-Trent on 3rd July 1783. On 30th August 1803 he married Mary Wolf at Newark Parish Church. The couple produced at least one child, Marianne.

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Marianne Atheis

Marianne Atheis was the only known (at present) child of George and Mary Atheis. She was christened 28th August 1807 at Newark Parish Church.

On 11th August she married John Warwick of Hawton at Newark Parish Church. The marriage record in the parish register gives her name as "Mary Ann", which of course may be what her parents intended at her christening.

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