History of Newark-on-Trent, Nottinghamshire, England

Twentieth Century

Any browser

The Victorian expansion of industry and erection of public buildings continued in much of the first half of the twentieth century, except when interrupted by war. Following the union of London and Smith's Banks, the old Smith's Bank building on the corner of Stodman Street and the Market Square (next to the Town Hall) was replaced by that now still in use by National Westminster Bank, which was erected in 1902.

In 1906 the old workhouse was replaced by a larger and slightly more congenial building in Bowbridge Road, now used as a hospital, and Hole's Castle Brewery expanded over the old site.

At the end of World War 1 there was a general movement to build "Homes for Heroes", on the basis that returning soldiers should have something better than old slums to return to. Letchworth Garden City was held up as the best designed town in Europe, and its architect, Barry Parker, was engaged to design a new estate for Newark. Although the council modified his plans to cram in more, smaller, houses to save money, the basic design was implemented between 1920 and 1922 as the Hawtonville Estate.

The clothing, bearings, pumps, agricultural machinery, plus the new sugar refining continued to thrive until after World War 2, although the malting and brewing industries slowly declined as Burton-on-Trent took over the leading role in those industries. During the last 50 years, however, Newark industry has suffered along with much of Britain's manufacturing. The bearings and pump-making factories are much reduced in size, while firms making agricultural machinery, three clothing firms, breweries and a big malting industry (supplying both local and more distant brewers) have all disappeared. The Newark Advertiser (local newspaper) reported on 22nd December 2000 that the bearings factory is the town's largest employer with a workforce of 850 people, but this was about to be reduced by 60. The sugar industry is now also under threat from proposed changes in import rules.


Browser compatibility statement

I believe web pages should be accessible to all browsers, rather than surfers being browbeaten into switching to some particular browser to see a page. (How many people would be happy if popular TV programmes could only be watched with the latest model of one particular make of TV set?). I am currently going through this site trying to achieve this as far as possible, but I do not have any means of testing it with all the dozens of browsers out there. When I think I have managed it with a page I'll include this paragraph at the end and a suitable logo at the top. If you have trouble viewing any page on this site, especially a page including this paragraph, please let me know (
see my contact page), and tell me what browser (name and version) and what operating system you are using, so I can try to do something about it. Thanks.

Main links within this site:

Jim's Jottings Home Page | An URGENT appeal for help

Running & Jogging for Ordinary People | Jim Fisher Summary Biography | Computers

Genealogy and Family History | Useful General Resources | Gardening with Strange Ideas | Humour?

Investment | Politics and Philosophy | Organisations with a Mission | Science

Wildlife | Map of This Site | Email me

A Personal Family History - People and Places | Genealogy and Nottinghamshire, England

Genealogy and Newark-on-Trent

History of Newark-on-Trent, Nottinghamshire, England

Back to Victorian Newark

Top of this page

This page last updated 1st September 2003